Volume 1, Issue 3, August 2017, Page: 65-68
Production of Cellulosic Pulp from Reed (Phragmites australis) to Produce Paper and Paperboard
María Dolores Gómez-Sánchez, Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Science, Universidad de Córdoba, Building Marie-Curie, Campus of Rabanales, Córdoba, Spain
Rafael Sánchez, Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Science, Universidad de Córdoba, Building Marie-Curie, Campus of Rabanales, Córdoba, Spain
Eduardo Espinosa, Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Science, Universidad de Córdoba, Building Marie-Curie, Campus of Rabanales, Córdoba, Spain
Antonio Rosal, Molecular Biology and Biochemical Engineering Department, University Pablo de Olavide, Seville, Spain
Alejandro Rodríguez, Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Science, Universidad de Córdoba, Building Marie-Curie, Campus of Rabanales, Córdoba, Spain
Received: Apr. 19, 2017;       Accepted: May 13, 2017;       Published: Jul. 3, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.be.20170103.11      View  1644      Downloads  114
Abstract
Due to the global increase in the demand for paper and cardboard, and depletion in some areas of wood resources (main raw material in the paper industry), it has been necessary to investigate new raw materials to substitute the conventional ones. In this work, Phragmites australis, commonly known as reed, has been studied. It has been characterized the chemical composition of the raw material by determining the ash content, α-cellulose, holocellulose, lignin and their extractables in ethanol, 1% soda and hot water. Subsequently three pulping processes have been conducted, using the “soda method" under three different operating conditions. The cellulosic pulps and the papersheets made from the pulps were analysed in order to determine the chemical and physical properties following the relevant TAPPI, UNE and ISO standards. Comparing the results obtained, it can be possible to conclude that the pulp obtained under the following operating conditions: 175°, 90 minutes and 14% of NaOH, presents the best results.
Keywords
Phragmites australis, Cellulosic Pulp, Soda, Paper, Paperboard
To cite this article
María Dolores Gómez-Sánchez, Rafael Sánchez, Eduardo Espinosa, Antonio Rosal, Alejandro Rodríguez, Production of Cellulosic Pulp from Reed (Phragmites australis) to Produce Paper and Paperboard, Bioprocess Engineering. Vol. 1, No. 3, 2017, pp. 65-68. doi: 10.11648/j.be.20170103.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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