Volume 2, Issue 4, December 2018, Page: 33-37
Bioremediation of Aquacultural Effluents Using Hydrophytes
Abdulrashid Muhammad Haidara, Department of Biological Sciences, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria
Ibrahim Muhammad Magami, Department of Biological Sciences, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria
Aminu Sanda, Department of Biological Sciences, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria
Received: Jan. 21, 2019;       Accepted: Feb. 22, 2019;       Published: Mar. 13, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.be.20180204.11      View  13      Downloads  6
Pollutant of agricultural industries constitute a threat to aquatic environment, being as a recipient of untreated or partially treated effluents, the use of conventional methods has its own problems especially in developing countries, hence the use of an eco-friendly approach to reduce pollutant load before being discharge. The study aim was to assess the performance of hydroponically grown macrophytes in aquacultural effluent the macrophytes were grown in 5 L aquacultural effluent with 21 days retention period in plastic containers. 100g, 150g, 200g and 250g of plants samples were introduce into hydroponic unit. Physicochemical parameters were measured at interval of seven days for three weeks. The parameters measured were temperature, pH, DO, BOD, COD, nitrate, ammonia, phosphate and turbidity. The mean reduction values of temperature, pH, DO and nitrate were 27.07±0.07, 6.37±0.27, 2.07±0.09, and 0.90±0.15 for Pistia stratiotes respectively. While ammonia, phosphate and turbidity values are 0.70±0.15, 0.60±0.23 and 7.00±0.00 for Eichhornia crassipes. The performance of the plants was found to be increasing with increase in weight and duration. However, the overall performance may not meet the required effluent standards laid down by the national and international regulatory bodies.
Aquaculture, Bioremediation, Effluent and Hydrophytes
To cite this article
Abdulrashid Muhammad Haidara, Ibrahim Muhammad Magami, Aminu Sanda, Bioremediation of Aquacultural Effluents Using Hydrophytes, Bioprocess Engineering. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2018, pp. 33-37. doi: 10.11648/j.be.20180204.11
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Terlizzi, D. E., Ford, T., Greaser, G. L. and Harper, J. K. (1995). Introduction to aquaculture Agro Alternatives. Crop extension service. The pennsylvania state university, university park.
Food and Agricultural Organization (2004). The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture. Available: ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/007/y5600e/y5600e01.pdf [6July2005].
Van Rijn, J. (1996). The potential for integrated biological treatment systems in reticulating fish culture-a review. Aquaculture, 139: 181-201.
Kioussis, D. R., Wheaton, F. W. and Kofinas, P. (2000). Reactive nitrogen and phosphorus removal from aquaculture wastewater effluents using polymer hydrogels Aquacultural Engineering, 23 (4): 315-332.
Zhou, Y., Yang, H., Hu, H., Liu, Y., Mao, Y., Zhou, H., Xu, X. and Zhang, F. (2006). Bioremediation potential of the macro‑alga Gracilaria lemaneiformis (Rhodophy) integrated into fed fish culture in coastal waters of north China. Aquaculture, 252: 264-276.
Rodrigueza, M. R. C. and Montano, M. N. E. (2007). Bioremediation potential of three carrageenophytes cultivated in tanks with seawater from fish farms. Journal of Applied Phycology 19: 755-762.
Marinho-Soriano, E., Nunes, S. O., Carneiro, M. A. A. and Pereira, D. C. (2009). Nutrients removal from aquaculture wastewater using the macro algae Gracilaria birdiae. Biomass and Bioenergy, 33: 327-331.
Demirezen, D., Aksoy, A. and Uruc, K. (2007). Effect of population density on growth, heavy metals by the aquatic plants Potamogeton pectinatus L. and Potarnogeton biomass and nickel accumulation capacity of Lemna gibba Lemnaceae Chemosphere, 66: 553-557.
Karr, J. R. and Benke, A. C. (2000). River conservation in the United States and Canada. Jn; (Boon, P.); Davies, B. R. and Petts, G. E.(ed) Global perspectives on river conservation: science, policy and Practice. Wiley, New York: Pp 3 -39.
Sathanarayanan U. (2007). Textbook of Biotechnology. Books and Allied (P) Ltd., Kolkata. pp. 667-707.
Jamuna S, Noorjahan C. M. (2009). Treatment of Sewage waste water using water hyacinth Eichorrnia species and its reuse for fish culture. Toxicology International 16(2): 103-106.
Goel P. K. (1997). Water pollution, causes, effects and control. New Age International (P) Ltd. Publishers, New Delhi. pp 269.
Dhote S, Savita D. (2007). Water Quality Improvement through Macrophytes: A Case Study. Asian Journal Experimental Science 21(2): 427-430.
Dipu S, Anju A, Kumar V, Thanga SG. (2010). Phytoremediation of Dairy Effluent by Constructed Wetland Technology Using Wetland Macrophytes Global Journal of Environmental Research 4 (2): 90-100.
Begum A. (2009). Concurrent removal and accumulation of Iron, Cadmium and Cupper from waste water using aquatic macrophytes. Der Pharma Chemical. 1(1): 219-224.
Jo, J. Y., Ma, J. S. and Kim, I. B. (2002). Comparisons of four commonly used aquatic plants for removing nitrogen nutrients in the intensive bio production Korean (IBK) re‑circulating aquaculture system. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Re circulating Aquaculture, Roanoke, 20-23 Jul 2000.
Ojanuga, A. G. (2005). Agro-ecological zone map of Nigeria. National special programme for food security, p 24.
Singh, B. R. (1995). Soil management strategies for the semi arid states. Africa ecosystem in Nigeria. The case of Sokoto and Kebbi States. African Soils, 28: 317-320.
American Public Health Association (2005). Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. 18th edition. Washington DC: APHA. Pp 5-23.
Gray, N. F. (2004). Biology of wastewater treatment. London (UK): Imperial College Press. p 1164.
Center, T. D., Hill, M. P., Cordo, H. and Julien, M. H. (2002). Water hyacinth. In: Van Driesche, R., et al: Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the Eastern United States. Forest Service Publication, 41-64.
Akinbile, C. O. and Yusoff, M. S. (2012). Assessing water hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes and water lettuce Pistia stratiotes effectiveness in aquaculture wastewater treatment. International Journal of Phytoremediation 14 (3): Pp 201-211.
Adeniran, A. E., Aina A. T., Oshunrinade, O. O. and Oyelowo, M. A. (2012). Assessment of the efficiency of constructed wetland in domestic wastewater treatment at the university of Lagos, Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Development and Environmental Protection 2 (2): Pp 21-28.
Rabiei, R., Phang, S. M., Yeong, H. Y., Lim, P. E., Ajdari, D., Zarshenas, G. and Sohrabipour, J. (2014). Bioremediation efficiency and biochemical composition of Ulva reticulata F. cultivated in shrimp Penaeus monodon hatchery effluent Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 13 (3) 621-639.
Adelere, E. A., Adetinuke, A. and Omolaraeni, O. (2014). Performance characteristics of pollutants along the longitudinal profile of a subsurface flow constructed wetland domestic sewage treatment plant in the University of Lagos. Nigeria Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 6: 104-113.
Gupta, P., Roy, S. and Mahindrakar, A. B. (2012). Treatment of water using water hyacinth, water lettuce and vetiver grass- A Review Resources and Environment 2 (5): 202-215.
Pha, T. T. and Tap, H. V. (2016). Treatment of dormitory and aquaculture wastewater by using aquatic plants Cilantro, Hyacinth and Spinach Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science 11 (8): Pp 341-346.
Snow, A. M. and Ghaly, A. E. (2008). A Comparative study of the purification of aquaculture wastewater using water hyacinth, water lettuce and Parrot’s feather American Journal of Applied Sciences 5 (4): 440-453.
Henry-Silva, G. G. and Camargo, A. F. M. (2006). Efficiency of aquatic macrophytes to treat nile tilapia pond effluents Science and Agriculture Piracicaba, Brazil. 63 (5) Pp 433-438.
Kiridi, E. A. and Ogunlela, A. O. (2016). Modeling phytoremediation rates of aquatic macrophytes in aquaculture effluent, International journal of Environmental, Chemical, Ecological, Geological and Geophysical Engineering, 10 (3): Pp 300-307.
Oladipupo, S. O., Olabamiji, M. O., Oluwaseun, I., Oluwajuwonlo, A., Adeyemo, A. and Adekunle, M. (2015). Wastewater treatment using constructed wetland with water lettuce Pistia Stratiotes International Journal of Chemical, Environmental and Biological Sciences 3 (2): 119-124.
Browse journals by subject